EPA, DHA and heart health
Clinical and epidemiological evidence suggests that Omega fatty acids EPA and DHA help reduce the risk factors for heart disease. Studies show that the more mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids – particularly Omega 3 – a person consumes, the lower their risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
A higher intake of DHA and EPA can positively influence risk factors for CVD and fatal heart attacks, including reductions in fasting triglyceride levels, lowering of the triglyceride: HDL-cholesterol ratio, lowering of blood viscosity, reduction in blood platelet reactivity and other thrombogenic risk factors. It has even been observed to lower the resting heart rate and have anti-arrhythmic affects.
Vitamin D and heart health
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with substantial increases in the incidence of hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, myocardial infarction and stroke. Low vitamin D levels also up-regulate the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, increase inflammation and cause endothelial dysfunction. Vitamin D deficiency causes an increase in parathyroid hormone, which increases insulin resistance and is associated with type 2 diabetes.